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Reference - 16 Resin Infusion TechnologiesBook section16 Resin Infusion Technologies
  • Strong, A Brent
1
Reference - 21st Century Manufacturing Modeling and Simulation Research and Investment NeedsWeb page21st Century Manufacturing Modeling and Simulation Research and Investment Needs
  • Sanders, Al
  • Boden, Brench
  • Stirk, Charlie
  • Belie, Gary
  • Pollari, Gregory
  • Allen, John
  • Fischer, Kevin
  • Frost, Scott
  • Frechette, Simon
  • Comerford, Tim
1
Reference - 50 Years of Composites: Past Present & FutureConference proceedings50 Years of Composites: Past Present & Future
  • Verpoest, Ignaas
1
Reference - A Beginner's Guide Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) FAQGenericA Beginner's Guide Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) FAQ
  • PerkinElmer
1
Reference - A Critical Analysis of Crack Propagation LawsJournalA Critical Analysis of Crack Propagation Laws
  • Erdogan, F.
  • Paris, P.
1
Reference - A Framework for Formalizing Science Based Composites Manufacturing PracticeThesisA Framework for Formalizing Science Based Composites Manufacturing Practice
  • Fabris, Janna Noemi
10
Reference - A Machine Learning Framework for Real-time Inverse Modeling and Multi-objective Process Optimization of Composites for Active Manufacturing ControlJournalA Machine Learning Framework for Real-time Inverse Modeling and Multi-objective Process Optimization of Composites for Active Manufacturing Control
  • Gu, Dawei
  • Butler, Geoffrey A.
  • Nelson, Karl
  • Humfeld, Keith D.
  • Zobeiry, Navid
1
Reference - A modified layer removal analysis for the determination of internal stresses in polymer compositesGenericA modified layer removal analysis for the determination of internal stresses in polymer composites
  • Eijpe, M. P. I. M.
  • Powell, P C
1
Reference - A novel method of determining residual stress distributions in plates using the incremental slitting techniqueJournalA novel method of determining residual stress distributions in plates using the incremental slitting technique
  • McCartney, L.N.b
  • Roberts, S.J.a
  • Broughton, W.R.b
1
Reference - A numerical model for predicting and optimising the termpature profile in multi-stage roll forming of thermoplastic compositesThesisA numerical model for predicting and optimising the termpature profile in multi-stage roll forming of thermoplastic composites
  • Schuetze, D.
1
Reference - A review of out-of-autoclave prepregs - Material properties, process phenomena, and manufacturing considerationsGenericA review of out-of-autoclave prepregs - Material properties, process phenomena, and manufacturing considerations
  • Grunenfelder, L. K.
  • Nutt, S. R.
  • Centea, T.
1
Reference - A review of out-of-autoclave prepregs - Material properties, process phenomena, and manufacturing considerationsGenericA review of out-of-autoclave prepregs - Material properties, process phenomena, and manufacturing considerations
  • Grunenfelder, L. K.
  • Nutt, S. R.
  • Centea, T.
1
Reference - A technique for the measurement of process-induced internal stresses in polymers and polymer compositesGenericA technique for the measurement of process-induced internal stresses in polymers and polymer composites
  • Månson, J.-A. E
  • Sunderland, P
  • Yu, W
1
Reference - A zone-based approach to predict process-induced distortions of composite structures based on a 'spring-in reference curve’JournalA zone-based approach to predict process-induced distortions of composite structures based on a 'spring-in reference curve’
  • Kappel, Erik
1
Reference - ASM Handbook Volume 21: CompositesBookASM Handbook Volume 21: Composites
  • ASM International
2
Reference - ASM Handbook: Aluminum Science and TechnologyGenericASM Handbook: Aluminum Science and Technology 1
Reference - ASTM D2471-99, Standard Test Method for Gel Time and Peak Exothermic Temperature of Reacting Thermosetting Resins (Withdrawn 2008)GenericASTM D2471-99, Standard Test Method for Gel Time and Peak Exothermic Temperature of Reacting Thermosetting Resins (Withdrawn 2008)
  • ASTM International
2
Reference - ASTM D2583 - 13a, Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Rigid Plastics by Means of a Barcol ImpressorGenericASTM D2583 - 13a, Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Rigid Plastics by Means of a Barcol Impressor
  • ASTM International
1
Reference - ASTM D3039: Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite MaterialsReportASTM D3039: Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
  • ASTM International
1
Reference - ASTM D3171-15, Standard Test Methods for Constituent Content of Composite MaterialsGenericASTM D3171-15, Standard Test Methods for Constituent Content of Composite Materials
  • ASTM International
1
Reference - Advanced Composite MaterialsBookAdvanced Composite Materials
  • Pilato, Louis A.
  • Michno, Michael J.
2
Reference - An Introduction to Composite MaterialsBookAn Introduction to Composite Materials
  • Hull, D.
  • Clyne, T. W.
1
Reference - An Introduction to Transport Phenomena in Materials EngineeringBookAn Introduction to Transport Phenomena in Materials Engineering
  • Gaskell, David R.
4
Reference - An Investigation of Autoclave Convective Heat TransferConference proceedingsAn Investigation of Autoclave Convective Heat Transfer
  • Johnston, Andrew
  • Poursartip, Anoush
  • Hubert, Pascal
  • Vaziri, Reza
1
Reference - An Overview of the SCRIMP ™ TechnologyJournalAn Overview of the SCRIMP ™ Technology
  • TPI Technology, Inc.
1
Reference - An integrated model of the development of process-induced deformation in autoclave processing of composite structuresThesisAn integrated model of the development of process-induced deformation in autoclave processing of composite structures
  • Johnston, Andrew
3
Reference - An overview of mechanical and physical testing of composite materialsJournalAn overview of mechanical and physical testing of composite materials
  • Sultan, M. T.H.
  • Jawaid, M.
  • Saba, N.
1
Reference - Analysis of cure induced deformation of CFRP U-shaped laminatesJournalAnalysis of cure induced deformation of CFRP U-shaped laminates
  • Bellini, Costanzo
  • Sorrentino, Luca
1
Reference - Aspects of Flow and Compaction of Laminated Composites Shapes During CureThesisAspects of Flow and Compaction of Laminated Composites Shapes During Cure
  • Hubert, Pascal
1
Reference - Autoclave ProcessingBook sectionAutoclave Processing
  • Mobuchon, Christophe
  • Fernlund, Göran
  • Zobeiry, Navid
2
Reference - Autoclaves for aerospace applications: Issues and challengesJournalAutoclaves for aerospace applications: Issues and challenges
  • Upadhya, A. R.
  • Kamalakannan, G. M.
  • Dayananda, G. N.
  • Christopher Daniel, J.
  • Ramaswamy Setty, J.
1
Reference - Automotive Plastics and Composites Chapter 16 - Compression MoldingBook sectionAutomotive Plastics and Composites Chapter 16 - Compression Molding
  • Greene, Joseph P.
1
Reference - Available Options for Autoclave Systems - ASC Process SystemsWeb pageAvailable Options for Autoclave Systems - ASC Process Systems
  • ASC Process Systems
1
Reference - Basics of Thermomechanical Analysis with TMA 4000ReportBasics of Thermomechanical Analysis with TMA 4000
  • Cassel, Bruce
  • Menard, Kevin
1
Reference - Basics of rheologyWeb pageBasics of rheology
  • Anton Paar
3
Reference - Blue M 146 Series Standard Mechanical Convection OvenWeb pageBlue M 146 Series Standard Mechanical Convection Oven
  • Thermal Product Solutions
1
Reference - CCMRD 9.2 Dimensional Control for Large Complex Aerospace Structures Phase 2. Final ReportReportCCMRD 9.2 Dimensional Control for Large Complex Aerospace Structures Phase 2. Final Report
  • Arafath, Abdul
  • McKee, Alastair
  • Poursartip, Anoush
  • Lynam, Corey
  • Fernlund, Goran
  • Lavertu, Pierre-Yves
  • Thorpe, Ryan
1
Reference - Causes and remedies for porosity in composite manufacturingJournalCauses and remedies for porosity in composite manufacturing
  • Poursartip, A
  • Fernlund, G
  • Kay, J
  • Wells, J
  • Fahrang, L
1
Reference - Chapter 13 - AramidsBook sectionChapter 13 - Aramids
  • Fink, Johannes Karl
1
Reference - Characterization and analysis of flow behavior in the FASTRAC process for the manufacture of sandwich and core composite structuresJournalCharacterization and analysis of flow behavior in the FASTRAC process for the manufacture of sandwich and core composite structures
  • Allende, Melquiades
  • Mohan, Ram V.
1
Reference - Chemistry for Scientists and EngineersBookChemistry for Scientists and Engineers
  • Beall, H
  • Stuehr, J
  • Fine, L W
2
Reference - Choosing the right vacuum pump - Buying Guides DirectIndustryWeb pageChoosing the right vacuum pump - Buying Guides DirectIndustry
  • Direct Industry
1
Reference - Chopped prepregs - A compelling performance and cost alternative material formJournalChopped prepregs - A compelling performance and cost alternative material form
  • Fudge, Jack D.
1
Reference - Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Measurement using the TMA 4000ReportCoefficient of Thermal Expansion Measurement using the TMA 4000
  • Cassel, Bruce
  • Menard, Kevin
1
Reference - Committed Costs vs. Uncertainty in New Product Development. Working Paper WP-1993-02-01Working paperCommitted Costs vs. Uncertainty in New Product Development. Working Paper WP-1993-02-01
  • Phillips, F Y
  • Srivastava, R
1
Reference - Components of manufacturing distortion in carbon fiber/epoxy angle bracketsConference proceedingsComponents of manufacturing distortion in carbon fiber/epoxy angle brackets
  • Radford, D. W.
  • Rennick, T. S.
1
Reference - Composite MaterialsBook sectionComposite Materials
  • Sapuan, S.M.
1
Reference - Composite Materials - History, Types, Fabrication Techniques, Advantages, and ApplicationsJournalComposite Materials - History, Types, Fabrication Techniques, Advantages, and Applications
  • Nagavally, Rahul Reddy
1
Reference - Composite Materials Handbook 17 - Polymer Matrix Composites; Guidelines for Characterization of Structural MaterialsBook sectionComposite Materials Handbook 17 - Polymer Matrix Composites; Guidelines for Characterization of Structural Materials 3
Reference - Composite Materials Handbook 17 - Polymer Matrix Composites; Materials Usage, Design and AnalysisBook sectionComposite Materials Handbook 17 - Polymer Matrix Composites; Materials Usage, Design and Analysis 6
Reference - Composite Materials Science and EngineeringBookComposite Materials Science and Engineering
  • Chawla, Krishan K
3
Reference - Composite Materials in the Aeronautical IndustryBook sectionComposite Materials in the Aeronautical Industry
  • Meola, Carosena
  • Carlomagno, Giovanni maria
  • Boccardi, Simone
1
Reference - Composite forming technologiesBookComposite forming technologies
  • Long, A C
2
Reference - Composite materials and processingBookComposite materials and processing
  • Balasubramanian, M.
2
Reference - Composites Applications GuideGenericComposites Applications Guide
  • Polynt Composites USA Inc.
1
Reference - Composites Manufacturing - Materials, Product, and Process EngineeringBookComposites Manufacturing - Materials, Product, and Process Engineering
  • Mazumdar, Sanjay K.
6
Reference - Composites Manufacturing materials, product and processing engineeringBookComposites Manufacturing materials, product and processing engineering
  • Mazumdar, Sanjay K.
4
Reference - Composites for SpacecraftBook sectionComposites for Spacecraft
  • Goodman, John W.
  • Rawal, Suraj P.
1
Reference - Composition and structure of balsa (Ochroma pyramidale) woodJournalComposition and structure of balsa (Ochroma pyramidale) wood
  • Gibson, Lorna
  • Borrega, Marc
  • Ahvenainen, Patrik
  • Serimaa, Ritva
1
Reference - Compression molding of long chopped fiber thermoplastic compositesJournalCompression molding of long chopped fiber thermoplastic composites
  • De Wayne Howell, D.
  • Fukumoto, Scott
1
Reference - Controlled atmospheric pressure resin infusion processPatentControlled atmospheric pressure resin infusion process
  • Modin, Andrew E.
  • Hanks, Dennis J.
  • Woods, Jack A.
  • Hawkins, Robert D.
1
Reference - Controlling ExothermWeb pageControlling Exotherm
  • Barnard, Mike
2
Reference - Convection heat transfer, fourth editionBookConvection heat transfer, fourth edition
  • Bejan, Adrian
1
Reference - Critical property characterization and fabrication of CYCOM® 5320-1 T40-800B unitape for non-autoclave manufacturing of primary aerospace structureJournalCritical property characterization and fabrication of CYCOM® 5320-1 T40-800B unitape for non-autoclave manufacturing of primary aerospace structure
  • Squires, Garret
  • Ripley, Nicole
  • Lucas, Scott
  • Howard, Steve
  • Nong, Thien
1
Reference - Cure Kinetics Modelling and Cure ShrinkageJournalCure Kinetics Modelling and Cure Shrinkage
  • Tugutlu, Mehmet
  • Ersoy, Nuri
1
Reference - Cure cycle development and qualification for thick-section compositesConference proceedingsCure cycle development and qualification for thick-section composites
  • Warnock, Corinne M.
  • Briggs, Timothy M.
1
Reference - Cure shrinkage characterization of an epoxy resin system by two in situ measurement methodsJournalCure shrinkage characterization of an epoxy resin system by two in situ measurement methods
  • Khoun, Loleï
  • Hubert, Pascal
1
Reference - Curing in Thick Composite Laminates: Experiment and SimulationJournalCuring in Thick Composite Laminates: Experiment and Simulation
  • Geil, P. H.
  • Lin, S. E.
  • Twardowski, T. E.
1
Reference - Curing of composites by radiation and natural convection in an autoclaveJournalCuring of composites by radiation and natural convection in an autoclave
  • Dutournié, P
  • Glouannec, P
  • Salagnac, P
1
Reference - D.E.R. 330 Liquid Epoxy Resin (Form No. 296-01457-0310X-TD)GenericD.E.R. 330 Liquid Epoxy Resin (Form No. 296-01457-0310X-TD)
  • The Dow Chemical Company
1
Reference - DesertWeb pageDesert
  • NASA Earth Observatory
1
Reference - Design and Manufacture of Composite StructuresBookDesign and Manufacture of Composite Structures
  • Eckold, Geoff
3
Reference - Design and Manufacture of Composite Structures Chapter 6 ManufactureJournalDesign and Manufacture of Composite Structures Chapter 6 Manufacture
  • Eckold, Geoff
3
Reference - Design and analysis of a compressional molded carbon composite wheel centerThesisDesign and analysis of a compressional molded carbon composite wheel center
  • Dhananjayan, Vinoth Kumar
1
Reference - Different Bagging Films and Their BenefitsWeb pageDifferent Bagging Films and Their Benefits
  • Composite Envisions
1
Reference - Digital disruption of composites manufacturing and designGenericDigital disruption of composites manufacturing and design
  • Poursartip, Anoush
1
Reference - Dimensional accuracy of thermoset composites: Simulation of process-induced residual stressesJournalDimensional accuracy of thermoset composites: Simulation of process-induced residual stresses
  • Tucker, Charles L.
  • Li, Min
  • Geubelle, Philippe H.
  • Zhu, Qi
1
Reference - Discovery TMA BrochureReportDiscovery TMA Brochure
  • TA Instruments
1
Reference - Dow Liquid Epoxy Resins (Form No. 296-00224-0199 WC+M)GenericDow Liquid Epoxy Resins (Form No. 296-00224-0199 WC+M)
  • The Dow Chemical Company
1
Reference - EPOTUF Epoxy Resins & Curing AgentsGenericEPOTUF Epoxy Resins & Curing Agents
  • Reichhold
1
Reference - Effect of Half Gap / Overlap Defects on the Strength of Composite Structures Fabricated with Automated Fiber Placement MethodsJournalEffect of Half Gap / Overlap Defects on the Strength of Composite Structures Fabricated with Automated Fiber Placement Methods
  • Rossi, Daniel Del
1
Reference - Effect of cure cycle on temperature/degree of cure field and hardness for epoxy resinJournalEffect of cure cycle on temperature/degree of cure field and hardness for epoxy resin
  • Zhang, Jing
  • Huang, Pei
  • Xu, Yachen
1
Reference - Effect of tool design on thermal management in composites processingMagazine articleEffect of tool design on thermal management in composites processing
  • Poursartip, Anoush
  • Fabris, Janna
  • Park, John
  • Zobeiry, Navid
3
Reference - Effect of water absorption on the mechanical properties of hemp fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester compositesJournalEffect of water absorption on the mechanical properties of hemp fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester composites
  • Dhakal, H. N.
  • Richardson, M. O.W.
  • Zhang, Z. Y.
1
Reference - Effects of Processing Temperature and Layup on SpringbackJournalEffects of Processing Temperature and Layup on Springback
  • Kim, Beomkeun
  • Springer, George S.
  • Sarrazin, Hugo
  • Ahn, Sung-Hoon
2
Reference - Effects of debulking on the fiber microstructure and void distribution in carbon fiber reinforced plasticsJournalEffects of debulking on the fiber microstructure and void distribution in carbon fiber reinforced plastics
  • George, Andy
  • Pineda, Evan
  • Owens, Kyle
  • Schey, Mathew
  • Stapleton, Scott
  • Beke, Tibor
1
Reference - Engineered materials handbookBookEngineered materials handbook
  • Gauthier, Michelle M
1
Reference - Engineering Mechanics of Composite MaterialsBookEngineering Mechanics of Composite Materials
  • Daniel, Isaac M.
  • Ishai, Ori
10
Reference - Engineering ThermoplasticsBook sectionEngineering Thermoplastics
  • Peters, Edward N.
  • Melton, George H.
  • Arisman, Ruth K.
1
Reference - Enhancing resin infusion with peel ply resin breaks and segmented perimeter vacuum linesWeb pageEnhancing resin infusion with peel ply resin breaks and segmented perimeter vacuum lines
  • Limited, Vacmobiles.com
1
Reference - Epoxy Resin Storage Best Practices for Maximizing Shelf LifeWeb pageEpoxy Resin Storage Best Practices for Maximizing Shelf Life
  • Chill Epoxy
1
Reference - Epoxy Shelf LifeReportEpoxy Shelf Life
  • Watson, James R.
1
Reference - Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA), What is? What Instruments to Use? What Can You Achieve?Web pageEvolved Gas Analysis (EGA), What is? What Instruments to Use? What Can You Achieve?
  • Redshift
1
Reference - Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite MaterialsBookExperimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials
  • Adams, Donald F
  • Carlsson, Leif A
  • Pipes, R Byron
1
Reference - Experimental Characterization of the Viscoelastic Behavior of a Curing Epoxy Matrix Composite from Pre-Gelation to Full Cure. MASc thesisThesisExperimental Characterization of the Viscoelastic Behavior of a Curing Epoxy Matrix Composite from Pre-Gelation to Full Cure. MASc thesis
  • Thorpe, Ryan J.
2
Reference - Experimental Investigation of the Controlled Atmospheric Pressure Resin Infusion (CAPRI) ProcessJournalExperimental Investigation of the Controlled Atmospheric Pressure Resin Infusion (CAPRI) Process
  • Niggemann, Christian
  • Heider, Dirk
  • Gillespie, John W.
  • Young Seok Song
1
Reference - Experimental Study and Analytical Approaches to Avoid Matrix Defects during Composites ManufacturingThesisExperimental Study and Analytical Approaches to Avoid Matrix Defects during Composites Manufacturing
  • Mohseni, Mohammad
1
Reference - Experimental and numerical study of distortion in flat, L-shaped, and U-shaped carbon fiber-epoxy composite partsJournalExperimental and numerical study of distortion in flat, L-shaped, and U-shaped carbon fiber-epoxy composite parts
  • Ahmed, Ashraf
  • Tavakol, Behrouz
  • Minaie, Bob
  • Koushyar, Hoda
  • Roozbehjavan, Pooneh
  • Joven, Ronald
  • Das, Rony
0
Reference - Experimental and numerical study of distortion in flat, L-shaped, and U-shaped carbon fiber-epoxy composite partsGenericExperimental and numerical study of distortion in flat, L-shaped, and U-shaped carbon fiber-epoxy composite parts
  • Ahmed, Ashraf
  • Tavakol, Behrouz
  • Minaie, Bob
  • Koushyar, Hoda
  • Roozbehjavan, Pooneh
  • Joven, Ronald
  • Das, Rony
2
Reference - Experimental and numerical study of the effect of cure cycle, tool surface, geometry, and lay-up on the dimensional fidelity of autoclave-processed composite partsJournalExperimental and numerical study of the effect of cure cycle, tool surface, geometry, and lay-up on the dimensional fidelity of autoclave-processed composite parts
  • Poursartip, A.
  • Fernlund, G.
  • Nelson, K.
  • Willden, K.
  • Bresslauer, M.
  • Rahman, N.
  • Courdji, R.
1
Reference - Experimental observations of the spring-in phenomenonConference proceedingsExperimental observations of the spring-in phenomenon
  • Springer, G.S.
  • Patterson, J.M.
  • Kollar, L.P.
1
Reference - Explaining Spring-In in Filament Wound Carbon Fiber/Epoxy CompositesJournalExplaining Spring-In in Filament Wound Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Composites
  • Mawi, Arup K.
  • Ganley, Jeff M.
  • Huybrechts, Steven
1
Reference - Extreme Temperature RangesWeb pageExtreme Temperature Ranges
  • Kimble, Chris A.
  • National Weather Service
1
Reference - Fabrication methodsWeb pageFabrication methods
  • CompositesWorld
1
Reference - Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites: Storage and Handling GuidelinesReportFiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites: Storage and Handling Guidelines
  • University of Miami
1
Reference - Filament-Wound Composites Have Specialized Curing RequirementsWeb pageFilament-Wound Composites Have Specialized Curing Requirements
  • Grande, Mike
  • Thermal Processing
1
Reference - Fire-safe composites for mass transit vehiclesJournalFire-safe composites for mass transit vehicles
  • Marsh, George
1
Reference - Frequency dependent heat capacity in the cure of epoxy resinsJournalFrequency dependent heat capacity in the cure of epoxy resins
  • Van Mele, B
  • Van Assche, G
  • Saruyama, Y
1
Reference - Fundamentals of composites manufacturing : materials, methods and applicationsBookFundamentals of composites manufacturing : materials, methods and applications
  • Strong, B.A.
2
Reference - Gas transport and void evolution in composite prepregsThesisGas transport and void evolution in composite prepregs
  • Kay, James
1
Reference - Getting To The Core Of Composite LaminatesWeb pageGetting To The Core Of Composite Laminates
  • CompositesWorld
1
Reference - Growth Opportunities in Global Composites Industry, 2012 - 2017GenericGrowth Opportunities in Global Composites Industry, 2012 - 2017
  • Kazmierski, C.
1
Reference - Hand layup: understanding the manual processJournalHand layup: understanding the manual process
  • Chatzimichali, A.
  • Ward, C.
  • Bloom, D.
  • Potter, K.
  • Elkington, M.
1
Reference - Handbook : FAA Fire SafetyWeb pageHandbook : FAA Fire Safety
  • Federal Aviation Administration
1
Reference - Handbook of CompositesBookHandbook of Composites 1
Reference - Handbook of Thermoset ResinsBookHandbook of Thermoset Resins
  • Ratna, Debdatta
1
Reference - Heat and Mass TransferBookHeat and Mass Transfer
  • Karwa
  • Meherishi
  • Karwa, Rajendra
4
Reference - Heat transfer coefficient distribution inside an autoclaveJournalHeat transfer coefficient distribution inside an autoclave
  • Arafath, A. R.A.
  • Poursartip, A.
  • Slesinger, N.
  • Shimizu, T.
3
Reference - Heat transfer coefficients on cakes baked in a tunnel type industrial ovenJournalHeat transfer coefficients on cakes baked in a tunnel type industrial oven
  • Castaigne, F.
  • Marcotte, M.
  • Trigui, M.
  • Balk, O. D.
  • Grabowski, S.
4
Reference - Heat transfer: basics and practiceBookHeat transfer: basics and practice
  • Böckh, Peter von
  • Wetzel, Thomas
1
Reference - HexForce Reinforcements for CompositesReportHexForce Reinforcements for Composites
  • Hexcel
1
Reference - Honeycomb Technology Materials, Design, Manufacturing, Applications and TestingBookHoneycomb Technology Materials, Design, Manufacturing, Applications and Testing
  • Bitzer, Tom
2
Reference - Hot press forming of thermoplastic CFRP sheetsJournalHot press forming of thermoplastic CFRP sheets
  • Tatsuno, Daichi
  • Kawamoto, Kiichirou
  • Okamoto, Masayuki
  • Yoneyama, Takeshi
1
Reference - How to Choose Composite Core Materials for Your ApplicationWeb pageHow to Choose Composite Core Materials for Your Application 1
Reference - How to Safely Store EpoxyReportHow to Safely Store Epoxy
  • Stradley, Marlo
1
Reference - Influence of Glass Fibre Sizing and Storage Conditions on Composite PropertiesBook sectionInfluence of Glass Fibre Sizing and Storage Conditions on Composite Properties
  • Peters, Luc
1
Reference - Influence of embedded gap and overlap fiber placement defects on interlaminar properties of high performance compositesJournalInfluence of embedded gap and overlap fiber placement defects on interlaminar properties of high performance composites
  • Baley, Christophe
  • Cartié, Denis
  • Lan, Marine
  • Davies, Peter
1
Reference - Infusion Sprial Tube_ CA CompositesWeb pageInfusion Sprial Tube_ CA Composites
  • LIMITED, CA COMPOSITES
1
Reference - Introduction to Vacuum BaggingWeb pageIntroduction to Vacuum Bagging
  • Chris Rogers
1
Reference - Introduction to the Thermodynamics of MaterialsBookIntroduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials
  • Gaskell, David R.
2
Reference - Is it an oven or a furnace?Web pageIs it an oven or a furnace?
  • INDUSTRIAL HEATING
1
Reference - Isolating Components of Processing Induced Warpage in Laminated CompositesJournalIsolating Components of Processing Induced Warpage in Laminated Composites
  • Darrow, David a
  • Smith, Lloyd V
1
Reference - Liquid flow in molds with prelocated fiber matsJournalLiquid flow in molds with prelocated fiber mats
  • Molnar, J. A.
  • Lee, L. J.
  • Trevino, L.
1
Reference - Manufacture of carbon-fiber prepreg with thermoplastic/epoxy resin blends and microencapsulated solvent healing agentsJournalManufacture of carbon-fiber prepreg with thermoplastic/epoxy resin blends and microencapsulated solvent healing agents
  • Sottos, Nancy R.
  • Kim, Sang Yup
  • White, Scott R.
  • Lim, Tae Wook
1
Reference - Manufacturing Processes for Advanced CompositesBookManufacturing Processes for Advanced Composites
  • Campbell, F.C.
21
Reference - Manufacturing of Polymer CompositesBookManufacturing of Polymer Composites
  • Astrom, B.T.
5
Reference - MatWeb: Online Materials Information ResourceWeb pageMatWeb: Online Materials Information Resource
  • MatWeb LLC
1
Reference - MatWeb: Online Materials Information ResourceWeb pageMatWeb: Online Materials Information Resource
  • MatWeb LLC
11
Reference - Materials & Processes: Tooling for compositesWeb pageMaterials & Processes: Tooling for composites
  • CompositesWorld
1
Reference - Materials Science and Engineering: An IntroductionBookMaterials Science and Engineering: An Introduction
  • Callister, William D.
11
Reference - Materials Selection in Mechanical DesignBookMaterials Selection in Mechanical Design
  • Ashby, M.F.
10
Reference - Measurement of Residual Stresses in Layered CompositesGenericMeasurement of Residual Stresses in Layered Composites
  • Ersoy
1
Reference - Measurement of thermal conductivity of epoxy resins during cureJournalMeasurement of thermal conductivity of epoxy resins during cure
  • Skordos, A A
  • Remy, B
  • Struzziero, G
1
Reference - Measurements of heat transfer coefficients within convection ovensJournalMeasurements of heat transfer coefficients within convection ovens
  • Carson, James K.
  • Willix, Jim
  • North, Mike F.
4
Reference - Measuring and modeling the thermal conductivities of three-dimensionally woven fabric compositesJournalMeasuring and modeling the thermal conductivities of three-dimensionally woven fabric composites
  • Heider, D
  • Schuster, J
  • Sharp, K
  • Glowania, M
1
Reference - Mechanical performance of polyvinyl acetate (PVA)-based biocompositesBookMechanical performance of polyvinyl acetate (PVA)-based biocomposites
  • Kaboorani, A.
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CKN KPC logo

Welcome

Welcome to the CKN Knowledge in Practice Centre (KPC). The KPC is a resource for learning and applying scientific knowledge to the practice of composites manufacturing. As you navigate around the KPC, refer back to the information on this right-hand pane as a resource for understanding the intricacies of composites processing and why the KPC is laid out in the way that it is. The following video explains the KPC approach:

Understanding Composites Processing

The Knowledge in Practice Centre (KPC) is centered around a structured method of thinking about composite material manufacturing. From the top down, the heirarchy consists of:

The way that the material, shape, tooling & consumables and equipment (abbreviated as MSTE) interact with each other during a process step is critical to the outcome of the manufacturing step, and ultimately critical to the quality of the finished part. The interactions between MSTE during a process step can be numerous and complex, but the Knowledge in Practice Centre aims to make you aware of these interactions, understand how one parameter affects another, and understand how to analyze the problem using a systems based approach. Using this approach, the factory can then be developed with a complete understanding and control of all interactions.

The relationship between material, shape, tooling & consumables and equipment during a process step


Interrelationship of Function, Shape, Material & Process

Design for manufacturing is critical to ensuring the producibility of a part. Trouble arises when it is considered too late or not at all in the design process. Conversely, process design (controlling the interactions between shape, material, tooling & consumables and equipment to achieve a desired outcome) must always consider the shape and material of the part. Ashby has developed and popularized the approach linking design (function) to the choice of material and shape, which influence the process selected and vice versa, as shown below:

The relationship between function, material, shape and process


Within the Knowledge in Practice Centre the same methodology is applied but the process is more fully defined by also explicitly calling out the equipment and tooling & consumables. Note that in common usage, a process which consists of many steps can be arbitrarily defined by just one step, e.g. "spray-up". Though convenient, this can be misleading.

The relationship between function, material, shape and process consisting of Equipment and Tooling and consumables


Workflows

The KPC's Practice and Case Study volumes consist of three types of workflows:

  • Development - Analyzing the interactions between MSTE in the process steps to make decisions on processing parameters and understanding how the process steps and factory cells fit within the factory.
  • Troubleshooting - Guiding you to possible causes of processing issues affecting either cost, rate or quality and directing you to the most appropriate development workflow to improve the process
  • Optimization - An expansion on the development workflows where a larger number of options are considered to achieve the best mixture of cost, rate & quality for your application.